The Great Man-Made River of Libya

One of the biggest civilian development project that Libya’s ex-president Muammar Gaddafi undertook during his forty-two-year rule was the Great Man-Made River. Gaddafi’s dream was to provide fresh water for everyone, and to turn the desert green, making Libya self-sufficient in food production. To make this dream a reality, Gaddafi commissioned a massive engineering project consisting of a network of underground pipes that would bring fresh water from ancient underground aquifers deep in the Sahara to the drought suffering Libyan cities. Gaddafi called it the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. The western media rarely mentioned it, and whenever it did, it was dismissed as a “vanity project” calling it “Gaddafi’s Pet Project” and “the pipe dream of a mad dog”. But truth is, the Great Man-Made River Project is a fantastic water delivery system that has changed lives of Libyans all across the country.

Photo credit Nenad Markovic

Libya is one of the sunniest and driest countries in the world. There are places where decades may pass without seeing any rainfall at all, and even in the highlands rainfall seldom happens, like once every 5 to 10 years. Less than 5% of the country receives enough rainfall for settled agriculture. Much of Libya’s water supply used to come from desalination plants on the coast, which were expensive and therefore used only for domestic purposes. Little was left for irrigating the land. Continue reading

The Origins of the Second World War

By Georg Franz-Willing

first published: 1986-04-01

I. Historical Development from the Nineteenth Century to the First World War

In 1955, the Indian diplomat and historian K. M. Panikkar, a longtime friend and collaborator of Pandit Nehru, the Indian prime minister, published a book entitled Asia and Western Dominance 1498-1945. He shows Western dominance of Asia as beginning with the Portuguese Vasco da Gama’s discovery of the maritime route to India, and ending with the Second World War. The two world wars off the first half of the 20th century he justly describes as a European civil war. By this self-mutilation, Europe lost its position in the world, its hegemony, and caused itself to be divided into two spheres of influence: one American, and one Russian.[1] Continue reading

Καζαντζάκης, Μουσολίνι

Από την Ασίζη στη Ρώμη – τη θυγατέρα της Λύκαινας

Περίμενα ανυπόμονα στο Παλάτι Κίτζι να δω τον δυνατόν αυτόν άνθρωπο. Σε λίγο θα με δέχουνταν. Άντρες ωχροί περίμεναν στον αντιθάλαμο· γυναίκες βάφουνταν, να παρουσιαστούν στον ισχυρόν άντρα. Δυό νέοι λιγνοί, αψηλοί, με μαύρα πουκάμισα, στάθηκαν στη θύρα ορθοί, αδιάφοροι, άγριοι κι ήσυχοι· κι ένιωσα το σύμβολο που τόσο συχνά έχουν οι θυρεοί: δυό λιοντάρια που στέκονται ορθά και φυλάγουν. Continue reading

The Korean peninsula

Soviet soldiers on the march in northern Korea in October of 1945

Soviet soldiers on the march in northern Korea in October of 1945

Japan had ruled the Korean peninsula for 35 years, until the end of World War II. At that time, Allied leaders decided to temporarily occupy the country until elections could be held and a government established. Soviet forces occupied the north, while U.S. forces occupied the south. The planned elections did not take place, as the Soviet Union established a communist state in North Korea, and the U.S. set up a pro-western state in South Korea – each state claiming to be sovereign over the entire peninsula. This standoff led to the Korean War in 1950, which ended in 1953 with the signing of an armistice – but, to this day, the two countries are still technically at war with each other.

monarchies in Europe

Dates of the latest abolitions of monarchies in Europe and the territories nearby. A green rectangle indicates that the monarchy was restored afterwards and is currently functioning. If a country has no date, it means that either it has never had a monarchical government (e.g. Switzerland) or it has been functioning throughout the country’s modern history (e.g. Sweden, Denmark and Norway). Note that the dates do not necessarily mark the end of the national independent monarchy but the territory it covered (e.g. Ukraine).

(Source: Wikipedia)

monarchies in Europe

Hugo Jaeger photographs

PORTRAIT-hugo-jaegerHugo Jaeger was former personal photographer of Adolf Hitler. He traveled with Hitler in the years leading up to and throughout World War II. It took about 2,000 color photographs of the Austrian politician of German origin. Jaeger was one of the few photographers who used the techniques of color photography at the time. Continue reading

Distribution of blood type in the world (A, B, AB ,O)

Με επιφύλαξη για την ορθότητα αυτού, καθώς το βρήκα στο internet και η πηγή του είναι στα Γαλλικά και δεν έχω μπει στον κόπο να το επαληθεύσω.

Ομάδες αίματος σε ποσοστά ανα τον κόσμο:

Κατανομή των ομάδων Α ανα τον κόσμο:

Κατανομή των ομάδων Β ανα τον κόσμο:

Κατανομή των ομάδων ΑΒ ανα τον κόσμο:

Κατανομή των ομάδων Ο ανα τον κόσμο:

Η πηγή που βρήκα αυτήν την δημοσίευση είναι:

και οι πηγές που επικαλείται ότι άντλησε τα στοιχεία είναι:

  • “The ABO Blood Group Frequency Distribution of Singapore Based On A Blood Donor Sample” by K. T. Chan en 1962
  • “Les marqueurs érythrocytaires d’une population Khmer de donneurs de sang” par Hoang (B.) , Le Xuang (P.) , Audat (F.) , Jaulmes (B.) en 1987
  • “Distribution of ABO and Rh-D blood groups in the Benin area of Niger-Delta: Implication for regional blood transfusion” par Mathew Ebose Enosolease, Godwin Nosa Bazuaye en 2006
  • “” en décembre 2007
  • “Les fréquences phénotypiques et génotypiques des systèmes ABO, Rh et Kell dans la population marocaine” par M. Sbiti, M. Bahji, H. Zahid, M. Rafi, M. Benkirane en 2002
  • “”
  • “”


Japanese American 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This rare film shows the training of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the United States Army.
The 442nd was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who volunteered to fight in World War II even though their families were subject to internment. The 442nd, beginning in 1944, fought primarily in Europe during World War II.
The 442nd was a self-sufficient force, and fought with uncommon distinction in Italy, southern France, and Germany. The 442nd is considered to be the most decorated infantry regiment in the history of the United States Army. The 442nd was awarded eight Presidential Unit Citations and twenty-one of its members were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II. The 442nd’s high distinction in the war and its record-setting decoration count earned it the nickname “Purple Heart Battalion.” The 442nd Regimental Combat Team motto was, “Go for Broke”.

This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2K. For more information visit:

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