I. Historical Development from the Nineteenth Century to the First World War
In 1955, the Indian diplomat and historian K. M. Panikkar, a longtime friend and collaborator of Pandit Nehru, the Indian prime minister, published a book entitled Asia and Western Dominance 1498-1945. He shows Western dominance of Asia as beginning with the Portuguese Vasco da Gama’s discovery of the maritime route to India, and ending with the Second World War. The two world wars off the first half of the 20th century he justly describes as a European civil war. By this self-mutilation, Europe lost its position in the world, its hegemony, and caused itself to be divided into two spheres of influence: one American, and one Russian.Continue reading →
Περίμενα ανυπόμονα στο Παλάτι Κίτζι να δω τον δυνατόν αυτόν άνθρωπο. Σε λίγο θα με δέχουνταν. Άντρες ωχροί περίμεναν στον αντιθάλαμο· γυναίκες βάφουνταν, να παρουσιαστούν στον ισχυρόν άντρα. Δυό νέοι λιγνοί, αψηλοί, με μαύρα πουκάμισα, στάθηκαν στη θύρα ορθοί, αδιάφοροι, άγριοι κι ήσυχοι· κι ένιωσα το σύμβολο που τόσο συχνά έχουν οι θυρεοί: δυό λιοντάρια που στέκονται ορθά και φυλάγουν. Continue reading →
Soviet soldiers on the march in northern Korea in October of 1945
Japan had ruled the Korean peninsula for 35 years, until the end of World War II. At that time, Allied leaders decided to temporarily occupy the country until elections could be held and a government established. Soviet forces occupied the north, while U.S. forces occupied the south. The planned elections did not take place, as the Soviet Union established a communist state in North Korea, and the U.S. set up a pro-western state in South Korea – each state claiming to be sovereign over the entire peninsula. This standoff led to the Korean War in 1950, which ended in 1953 with the signing of an armistice – but, to this day, the two countries are still technically at war with each other.
Dates of the latest abolitions of monarchies in Europe and the territories nearby. A green rectangle indicates that the monarchy was restored afterwards and is currently functioning. If a country has no date, it means that either it has never had a monarchical government (e.g. Switzerland) or it has been functioning throughout the country’s modern history (e.g. Sweden, Denmark and Norway). Note that the dates do not necessarily mark the end of the national independent monarchy but the territory it covered (e.g. Ukraine).
Hugo Jaeger was former personal photographer of Adolf Hitler. He traveled with Hitler in the years leading up to and throughout World War II. It took about 2,000 color photographs of the Austrian politician of German origin. Jaeger was one of the few photographers who used the techniques of color photography at the time. Continue reading →
This rare film shows the training of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the United States Army.
The 442nd was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who volunteered to fight in World War II even though their families were subject to internment. The 442nd, beginning in 1944, fought primarily in Europe during World War II.
The 442nd was a self-sufficient force, and fought with uncommon distinction in Italy, southern France, and Germany. The 442nd is considered to be the most decorated infantry regiment in the history of the United States Army. The 442nd was awarded eight Presidential Unit Citations and twenty-one of its members were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II. The 442nd’s high distinction in the war and its record-setting decoration count earned it the nickname “Purple Heart Battalion.” The 442nd Regimental Combat Team motto was, “Go for Broke”.
This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2K. For more information visit: http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com